History of European Overpiping & Lambeth Method
European overpiping techniques were first thought to have developed in Italy, then lost to France, then lost to Germany and then to the UK; they call the style English overpipng.
A gentlemen by the name of Secunda Pietro Borella, born in Italy in 1864; he was married to Annie Maria from Cheltenham, Gloucestershire and had a son by the name of Guiseppe and a daughter Stella. S.P. Borella wrote one of the first books on European cake decorating techniques in 1901 and passed away while living in Hendon, London October 1939; at the age of 75.
Cake Decorating and embellishments were handed down from generation to generation European bakeries, since the beginning of cake decorating. There have been many cake design artist throughout Europe, adding their own flair and styles to English overpiping techniques.
The Lambeth Method became popular when Joseph Lambeth visited from the United States and was a constant competitor and successful award winner at the International Food and Confectionery Exposition of London, and Provinces, Great Britain, for a period of 12 years. He won several Gold and Silver medals, diplomas and awards.
Joseph Lambeth moved from the United States, starting a pastry school in England called the Lambeth Decorating School. Lambeth popularized English overpiping by add his own flair; he did not invent the method. Joseph Lambeth published a book called the” Lambeth Method of Cake Decorating and Practical Pastries,” first published in 1934. Some of the pictures in the book were also done by Mrs. Joseph Lambeth the ninth and last printing of his book was in 1980.
The Lambeth Method was not only used in competition, Joseph Lambeth used buttercream frosted and decorated cakes in a lot of his designs. In the Lambeth Method Cake Decorating book, he explains making royal icing baskets, flowers, run sugar plaques gum paste and pastillage structures ahead of time, to be used and place on cakes when receiving orders from a customer.
The English overpiping techniques require a lot of practice, pressure control and precision. This method requires repetition in which gives any cake design artist precision and the ability to do any design in frosting; an ultimate challenge for a piping cake design artist.
There are several different distinguished forms of cake design artistry using many different piping techniques; Australian, South African and Nirvana to name a few. All design work was done with egg white royal icing; true precision and piping techniques.
A true cake design artist should know how work with all the mediums in cake decorating / confectionery arts and add their own modernized versions and styles to the older style techniques; this will allow cake decorating to progress throughout the coming years and add interest to more distinguished old school styles, while keeping the traditions of older techniques alive.
Since Kathleen Lange attending her very first cake decorating January 1980, the Lambeth Method was one of her all-time favorite techniques in cake decorating. She was always intrigued by the dimensional work and challenge of precision; and very fortunate to be one of the very few to have studied extensively with world renowned Hall-of-Fame Decorator Betty Newman-May. Kathleen completed a 150-hour course known as the “Lambeth Method” Master Course of cake decorating; the most unique international method of cake decorating around today..
Today, Kathleen is a highly regarded innovator and is known internationally for the foreign technique, The Lambeth Method. She has brought back an old school technique by adding her own techniques as well as a contemporary, romanticized and modernized flair. Kathleen has become very well known instructor, teaching her famous Lange/Lambeth Boot Camps, skills in confectionery sugar art and also the quality of her demonstrations and classes. Kathleen inspires enthusiasm in everyone who attends.
By Kathleen Lange
Master Cake Design Artist / Instructor
L PIcture – Lambeth Wedding Cake,1984- Katheen’s Final Cake after attending Betty Newman- May’s 150 hour class.
R PIcture-“Victorian Elegance -2009 Kathleen used her own style and techniques to add a contemporary, romanticized and modernized flair to Old School Lambeth Method.
History – Some of the Main Cake Decorators Regarding Royal Icing
The following names are famous confectionery artist, since the late 1800’s who have contributed to the art of royal icing by creating new designs and techniques to share their art of cake decorating with sugar artist all over the world.
Personally, all decorating has started by being inspired by nature, antiques, life like previous works of art and for new techniques to become more modern “New” Artist add their own flairs, becoming a “New Style & Flair” of “Old School” techniques.
We apologize if we have missed listing anyone’s name or information. If so, please Contact Us, Kathleen at Confectionary Chalet to add your information.
The following Information was shared by:
Christine Flinn – Master Royal Icer, Author, Tutor and Demonstrator – United Kingdom
Barry Dickinson – Cake Artist & History of Cake Decorating Library
To the best of Christine Flinn’s knowledge, the main creators of all the piping techniques we use today stem from Herr Willy, Edwin Shur, Ernest Schulbe, George Cox, S.P. Borella- everyone thereafter could in theory be classified as a copier.
To the best of my knowledge the main creators of all the piping techniques we use today stem from Herr Willy, Edwin Shur, Ernest Schulbe, George Cox, S.P. Borella – everyone thereafter could in theory be classified as a copier
Ernest Schulbe – German, based in Withington, Manchester, England, book published in 1898 and 1906
Herr T. Willy
R. Gommez – 1895
Edwin Schur- based Putney, a district of South West London (his son Fred piped Queen Elizabeths wedding cake 1954) wrote at least one book 1901?
George Cox – book published in 1903
S.P. Borella – Italian wrote many books but the main cake decorating book was published in 1910
George Burton – creator of the run sugar flange based in Blackpool, Lancashire, England , wrote a number of books in the 1920s
R. Jenkins (Belgravia, London)
Ronnie Rock – (one of the best royal icers from the UK) Born 1916 South East London, Died 1958 (aged 42 years) Father;- Ronald Walter Charles Rock; Mother- Florence Eleanor Atkinson; Father/Grandfather operated a bakery – W. Rock and Sons A picture of one of Ronnie Rocks competition cakes can be found in the book- Cake Design and Decoration by L.J. Hanneman and G.I. Marshall- Pg. 173
Eddie Spence- Master of Royal Icing, Tutor, Demonstrator, Author, One of many Designers for Royalty Cakes – United Kindom
Audrey Holding- Tutor, based Glossop, Derbyshire, England
Stuart (Stewart) Grey (Gray) – was a Tutor, at Salford College, Manchester
Reg Oakes – Tutor Salford, Manchester, England
Lindsay John Bradshaw – was a Tutor at Salford College, Manchester, England
Colin Burge – based in London?
Nadene Hurst – was a Tutor at Salford College, Manchester, England
Lesley Herbert – was a Tutor at Brooklands College, England
Chris Jeffcoate – was a Tutor at Brooklands College, England
Christine Flinn – Tutor, from the North East of England now based in Warrington Cheshire, England
Audrey Holding- wrote two books – The Art of Royal Icing and The Practice of Royal Icing
Ceri Griffith – Tutor, Author specializing in English Overpiping -Cardiff, UK
Joseph Lambeth – USA & London, UK -Deceased, 1947 – Tutor, Author of the Lambeth Method Book
Edith Gates – CA – Instructor, Demonstrator, Specializing in the Lambeth Method – Deceased
Betty Newman – May – CA – Instructor, Demonstrator, Specializing in the Lambeth Method – Deceased 1996 (My Instructor)
Cleve Carney – Cakes and Pastries
Edward Maximillian Berling – (born 1888?) Art in Confectionery and Pastry (published New York 1930)
Nicholas Lodge – Essex, UK & Atlanta, GA – Pastry Chef -French Pastry School, Chicago, IL, Author, International Instructor
Earlene Moore – Master Cake Design Artist, Instructor, Demonstrator & Business Owner- Inducted into ICES Hall of Fame – 2009
Carolyn Wanke – Mangold – TX & CO- Master Cake Design Artist, Instructor, Demonstrator – Inducted into ICES Hall of Fame – 2013
Kathleen Lange – CA – Master Cake Design Artist, Int’l Instructor, Demonstrator, Specializing in the Lange Style of English Overpiping and Lambeth Method of Cake Decorating Since 1980
Dawn Coffin – Parrott – TX – Pastry Chef, Master Cake Design Artist, Instructor, Demonstrator Specializing in Royal Icing